Thailand is in the Southeast of Asia, with Laos and Cambodia to the east and the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysianextto Burma (Myanmar) on its west. The capital is Bangkok, the country's official language is Thai. In touristic resorts people also speak the English language. The history of Thailand is estimated to be dating 10,000 years, up to the paleolithic era. Visitors will encounter super-rich archaeological sites of cultural heritage. The temples of worship of Buddha abound in the region, contributing to the exotic environment of the place. Thailand is the only country in Southeast Asia that avoided colonization, thus preserving the history and cultural heritage. The ancient monuments, temples and deserted cities all attest to the magnificent past of Thailand, a wonderful destination for your holidays. The historical treasures match with the wonderful nature. Thailand has many picturesque islands and beaches as well as 90 national parks and an amazing wildlife. The Thais are renowned for their friendliness and smile .
Tuesday, September 27, 2011
The ordination hall houses a golden Buddha image, Phra Saen, which was built in a fine meditation posture in the Laotian style. The stupa is located in Wat That Renu, Ban Renu Nakhon. Built in 1918, the stupa is an imitation of the former Phrathat Phanom in a smaller size. Phrathat Renu, 35 metres high and 8.37 metres wide, has niches on the four sides. The stupa houses the ‘Tipitaka’ – the three divisions of the Buddhist Canon, gold and silver Buddha statues, precious items and regalia of Nakhon Phanom’s rulers and noblemen.
Sunday, September 25, 2011
Phra Bang is a standing Buddha image in the gesture of stopping the flood built in the Lan Xang style. The people believe that the sacred Buddha image always attracts rain whenever the image is taken in a rain-begging parade. The history of this Buddha statue can be dated back to over 500 years ago. Tourists are required to get permission from the abbot for paying respect to the statue.
Saturday, September 24, 2011
Nakhon Phanom is in the Northeastern region of Thailand, approximately 456 miles northeast of Bangkok and 235 miles southwest of Hanoi, Vietnam. It borders LAOS on the Khamoun Province or the Tha Khaek district. Nakhon Phanom was well known during the days of Vietnam war, serving the American Forces of the 56th Air Commando Wing, hosted by Nakhon Phanom Royal Thai Air Force Base. The mission of the American Forces were search and rescue and interdiction of the Ho Chi Minh Trails in Laos 30 miles to the east.
The city has a beautiful landscape, with the Mekong river running adjacent to the city, marking the current border between Thailand and Laos.
The population of Nakhon Phanom is a diverse mix of Thais, Thai-Vietnamese, Thai-Chinese, and perhaps a few Thai-Indians. The main languages spoken are Thai, Isaan, and Vietnamese, Isaan being the most popular of them. The primary culture is Lao, as Isaan was part of Laos until the late 19th century. Ho Chi Minh resided in a small village between the city center and the air base to the west during the late 1920s and early 1930s. A new museum has been constructed; his home is preserved and is open to the public, which draws many Vietnamese tourist.
Although a small town, Nakhon Phanom is famous for its centuries old temples and beautiful landscape. The city has a reserved and traditional Isaan culture. A traveller may well find the residents of the city very hospitable and kind. The surrounding villages have many tribal cultures unique to Isaan and La
Thursday, September 22, 2011
Situated at an elevation of 353 metres above sea level, the park is a beautiful place of Mukdahan. With a mountaintop flat plain that covers some 4 sq. km. area, the park was once abundant with boars. The park has 3 viewpoints by the cliff.
The viewpoint 1 is situated east of the park’s office. Tourists can enjoy the scenery of Phu Tham Men, Phu Mai Sang, Phu Phaeng Ma, and Huai Khilek Reservoir.
The viewpoint 2 is in the west. Tourists can see the road up to Phu Mu, Phu Noi, Phu Tio, Phu Lon, Phu Kalon, Wat Phu Dan Tae, and Phu Phan Range.
The viewpoint 3 is on the mountain crest in the south. Tourists can see Phu Tham Phra and Amphoe Loeng Nok Tha. A rock terrace and shady area for relaxing is available nearby.
To get there take Highway 212 (Mukdahan - Loeng Nok Tha) and turn left at Km. 128-129. The park is 12 km off the main road via a narrow up-hill asphalted road which is not convenient for buses.
Wednesday, September 21, 2011
The huge rapids on the Mekong River with a large rock terrace on the bank is a favourite picnic spot for locals. In the dry season, water descents and allows islands and beaches to show off their beauty.
To get there: take Highway 212 (Mukdahan - That Phanom) for 20 km, turn right to Amphoe Wan Yai for 9 km and the road leading to Kaeng Kabao will be found. It is 8 km from Wan Yai District Office.
Tuesday, September 20, 2011
Situated at Ban Non Yang, the 7 metres high and 30 metres wide waterfall allows visitors to enjoy watery fun all year round with a pool for swimmers. The waterfall is among shady vegetation. To get there, from Amphoe Nong Sung, take Highway 2042 and head for Amphoe Kuchinarai of Kalasin province, turn right at Km. 67-68. The fall is 400 metres off the main road.
Monday, September 19, 2011
Mukdahan has a border checkpoint that allows visitors to go to Kanthabuli of Savannakhet Province of Lao PDR. The border crossing regulations are as follows:
A foreigner will require a passport and Laotian visa issued by the Embassy of Lao PDR. in Bangkok or Khon Kaen. A visa on arrival is available at the Immigration Bureau of Savannakhet with a US$30 fee.
A ferry service costs 50 baht. An entry fee to Laotian soil is 50 baht each for weekdays and 100 baht each for weekends. Tourists will be required to show their belongings for a Customs check. Allowed imported duty-free merchandise from Lao PDR. to Thailand include: a litre of liquor in a sealed package, 200 cigarettes or not over 500 g in case of various brands. Goods imported beyond the allowance will be seized and the owner will be required to pay the excess tax before getting the merchandise back. For more information, call the Mukdahan Immigration Bureau at Tel. 0 4263 2878, 0 4261 1074.
Remark: A foreigner will require a passport and visa issued by the Embassy of Lao PDR. only. Additional admission for visiting cultural attractions (Phrathat Ing Hang, Phrathat Phon, and Prasat Ruean Hin) in Savannakhet will be charged and camera usage will be under regulations.
Saturday, September 17, 2011
The second Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge linking the Lao province of Savannakhet with northeastern Thailand's Mukdahan province officially opened Wednesday.
HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand and Lao Vice President Bounnhang Vorachit jointly presided over the opening ceremony on Wednesday morning which was witnessed by the Prime Ministers of the two countries and diplomatic corps, according to the Thai News Agency.
The 2nd Friendship Bridge is aimed at facilitating transportation, trade, investment and tourism activities for countries in the Mekong Sub-region.
Bridge construction began on March 21, 2004. The bridge has two traffic lanes and is 12 meters wide and 1,600 meters long. It is part of the land transport development plan of the East-West economic corridor running through Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Myanmar.
Previously, the first Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge over the Mekong linking the Thai province of Nong Khai and Lao capital Vientiane was opened in 1994
Friday, September 16, 2011
Phu Tham Phra (ภูถ้ำพระ) The cave in this mountain houses wooden Buddha images. Legend says that this area was once a settlement of the Khmer people. Before escaping from natural disaster, the villagers kept lots of Buddha images made from silver, alloy, gold, jade, sacred plants, and wood in the cave. Now only the wooden Buddha images remain. Nearby is a beautiful waterfall called Namtok Phu Tham Phra.
Pha Manao (ผามะนาว) The towering cliff has a waterfall that plunges below to feed the forest and wildlife. From the cliff top, tourists can witness a nice panoramic view of the Hin Thoep Rocks and Mekong River. At the mountain foot, tourists can enjoy a beautiful waterfall, forest, and wildlife. The cliff is named Pha Manao after lots of wild lime tree growing in the area.
Tham Fa Mue Daeng (ถ้ำฝ่ามือแดง) The cave houses pre-historical paintings which archaeologists assumed are probably over 5,000 years old. This attraction is situated close to the park’s safeguard unit of Phu Pha Thoep 1 (Huai Sing), some 8 km from the park’s headquarters.
Moreover, Phu Pha Thoep has many more attractions such as Pha Ngoi and Pha Pu Chao. It can be visited in all three seasons. The rainy season is from May to September. Winter is from October to February, and Summer is from March to May. For more information, call Phu Pha Thoep National Park, Amphoe Mueang, Mukdahan province at Tel. 0 4260 1753 or the National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department in Bangkok at Tel. 0 2562 0760.
To get there Phu Pha Thoep is 15 km from Mukdahan city. Use the route Mukdahan - Don Tan (Highway 2034). The park is 2 km from the main road.
Thursday, September 15, 2011
Located on Chayangkun Road (Mukdahan – Don Tan), the tower was built to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of His Majesty’s Accession to the Throne. The tower has a nonagonal building of 2 storeys at its base. The first floor houses an exhibition of local tools and utensils used in daily life. The second floor is a museum that features the history of Mukdahan, antiques, old photographs, and traditional attire of the 8 ethnic minorities in the province. The sixth floor on top of the tower is the observation deck that allows visitors to enjoy a panoramic view of the city, the Mekong River and Lao PDR. The topmost sphere houses a Buddha image “Phra Nawa Ming Mongkhon Mukdahan” and 7 Buddha statues in 7 different attitudes for each day of the week.
The tower is open daily from 8AM-6PM.
Tuesday, September 13, 2011
Phu Pha Taem (ภูผาแต้ม) The cliff houses 98 paintings of hands and symbols from the pre-historical period which may be created in the same era as Tham Fa Mue Daeng in Pha Taem National Park, Amphoe Khong Chiam, Ubon Ratchathani province. The cliff actually looks like a cave with a 60-metre-long sliding rock. The paintings are some 3-5 metres high from the ground. It requires 2 hours to visit all. Pha Makluea (ผามะเกลือ) Situated close to Phu Pha Taem, the rock terrace under the tree’s shade and cliff offers a scenic viewpoint and rest area. Phu Pha Hom (ภูผาหอม) At an elevation of 366 metres above sea level, the picturesque viewpoint of Phu Pha Taem Range offers a panoramic view to the west. Turning around, tourists will see numerous mountains such as Phu Mu, Phu Phaeng Ma, Phu Mai Sang, Phu Song, and Phu Akkharachat. It is a popular site for a sunset view and camping ground. Flower Field on Phu Wat (ลานดอกไม้บนภูวัด) By the late rainy season, the vast rock terrace is beautified by various kinds of flowers such as En A, Kradum Ngoen, and Dusita. In the past, this area was used for religious rites. The park covers areas in three provinces including Amphoe Nikhom Kham Soi and Amphoe Don Tan of Mukdahan, Amphoe Loeng Nok Tha of Yasothon, and Amphoe Chanuman and Amphoe Senangkhanikhom of Amnat Charoen. Covering a total area of 321 sq. km or some 144,375 rai, the park was established on 30 December, 1992, as the country’s 75th national park. Its lush forest has various types of natural beauty such as picturesque views from the mountaintop, amazing rocks, field of wild flowers in the late rainy season, and witness the mountaintop lotus which is called by the locals “mountain of lotus”.
Overall, the park features a mountainous landscape whose ranges lie in the Northwest-Southeast direction at an average elevation between 350-450 metres above sea level. Phu Krasae is the highest peak at an elevation of 491 metres. The ranges are the origination of many streams such as Huai Thom and Huai Kan Lueang that nourish the plain around the park area. The park comprises many kinds of lush forests and huge rock terraces called ‘Dan’ in local dialect.
Most areas are covered with mixed deciduous forest and dry evergreen forest, which are home to precious trees like Makha Mong (Afzelia xylocarpa Craib), monkey flower tree, blackwood, and rosewood. In the jungle, particularly the large jungle at Phu Sa Dok Bua where there are water sources, various species of wildlife can be found such as barking deer, boar, hare, monkey, colugo, porcupine, and mouse deer, as well as birds like pheasant and red junglefowl. The park is beautified by scenery and rock formation. Moreover, the political conflicts in the past also add more interest and potential to the park.
Attractions in the park include:
- Phu Sa Dok Bua (ภูสระดอกบัว) The 423 metre high mountain is situated on the border of three provinces. At its crest, there are 11 rock pools which are a few metres wide and never dry up. All pools are fascinating as they have lots of lotus of a small size. According to the locals, these lotuses have grown wild there since a long time ago. Thus, the mountain is called Phu Sa Dok Bua, literally meaning the mountain of lotus pools. Tourists will have to trek for one day to get there.
- Phu Pha Taek (ภูผาแตก) Called by the military as “Hill 428”, the beautiful hill offers a picturesque view of the ranges in the Mukdahan National Park in the northern side.
- Rock Terraces and Dwarf Deciduous Dipterocarp Forests (ลานหินและป่าเต็งรังแคระ) The rock terraces, at the sizes of 20 up to 40 rai area, can be found easily. The dwarf deciduous dipterocarp forests, which can be found with grassland, are scattered around at Phu Pha Hom, at the back of Phu Pha Daeng, Phu Bok, Phu Sa Dok Bua, Phu Hua Nak, etc.
Monday, September 12, 2011
Situated at Ban Na Muang, the park is actually a historical site. It was used as a military base during 1977 - 1983, when there was a strong conflict between the Communist Party of Thailand and the government. Today, the base is used as a historical site for tourism and occupational training for locals. The base comprises a royal pavilion of the Princess Mother, the Princess Mother’s statue, bunker, and historical building where HRH the late Princess Mother and HRH Princess Galyani Vadhana stayed overnight during their trip to visit the state officials, military officers, and people in the area. It is Thailand’s only military base that HRH the Princess Mother and HRH Princess Galyani Vadhana spent overnight.
Sunday, September 11, 2011
The temple is located on Samran Chai Khong Road by the Mekong River. Its main ordination hall or Ubosot houses a concrete Buddha statue, which is considered a sacred item of Mukdahan. The Buddha statue is 2.2 metres wide and 2 metres high. History about this ancient Buddha statue remains doubtful; however, legend says that two statues were found in 1767 when Chao Kinnari was constructing Mukdahan city by the seven-topped sugar palm tree. The large statue was built from concrete while the smaller one, found underneath a Pho or Bodhi tree, was made from steel. A temple was built to house both Buddha images. One day, the smaller Buddha image disappeared and was found buried under the Pho tree where it had been found, with only the top of the statue emerging above the ground. Chao Kinnari had an altar built there and named the smaller Buddha statue “Phra Lup Lek” and the larger Buddha statue “Phrachao Ong Luang”. Both have become sacred Buddha images for Mukdahan since then.
Saturday, September 10, 2011
Friday, September 9, 2011
The shrine, which also houses the city pillar, is located on Song Nang Sathit Road in the Amphoe Mueang Municipality. Without any solid evidence about its history, it is assumed that the shrine might have been built in the same period as the city itself. The original wooden shrine was renovated and replaced by a concrete one. For the people of Mukdahan, the shrine is considered as a sacred place of the spirit that protects the city.
Thursday, September 8, 2011
Situated on Samran Chai Khong Road, next to the Mukdahan Immigration Bureau, the shrine was originally built of wood and rebuilt later with concrete. Legend says that two Laotian princesses boarded a boat to Mukdahan but an accident in the river cost their lives; hence, a shrine was built by a seven-topped sugar palm tree in the same time that the Mukdahan city was constructed by Chao Kinnari. The people of Mukdahan consider this shrine another sacred place. Both the Chaomae Song Nang Phi Nong and Chaopho Chaofa Mung Mueang Shrines are twin sacred icons of the city. Every year, on the full moon day of the sixth lunar month, around May, a celebration for both shrines will be held.
Wednesday, September 7, 2011
Kept at Wat Matchimawat (Wat
Klang) close to Don Tan District Office, the one-sided bronze kettledrum is 86 cm in diameter and 90 cm long. The drum face’s features a relief of the sun with 14 rays in the centre and 4 frogs at 4 directional points around the edge. The drum, which is probably more than 3,000 years old, is a collection item for the Kha and Khmer. It was first found in 1938 at the eroded bank of the Mekong River at Ban Na Tham. It was previously kept at Wat Woen Chai Mongkhon, and now at the drum tower of Wat Matchimawat.
Tuesday, September 6, 2011
The temple is situated on Samran Chai Khong Road, in Mukdahan city. The ordination hall houses a bronze Buddha statue called Phra Phutthasing Song, which is 1 metre wide and 1.2 metres high.
When Mukdahan was completed, Chao Kinnari took this Buddha image from Vientiane and placed at Wat Si Mongkhon Tai. Later, a new temple was built at Ban Si Bun Rueang and the image was moved to be placed here until now. During the Songkran Festival of each year, the people of Mukdahan always carry the Buddha image on a float around the town for people to bathe.
Saturday, September 3, 2011
the bank of the Mekong River, the ancient temple was built by artisans from Vientiane. In 1904, a fire broke out and severely damaged the temple. The renovation was completed by 1911. The temple has interesting architecture such as a Vihara or Wihan in the Lan Xang style adorned with a stucco gate and wooden bas-relief gable. The temple houses statues of eight Buddhas carved from black ivory and Phra-ong Saen, a sacred Buddha statue of Mukdahan.
Friday, September 2, 2011
Mukdahan (Thai: มุกดาหาร) (also Mukdaharn) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from south clockwise) Amnat Charoen, Yasothon, Roi Et, Kalasin, Sakon Nakhon and Nakhon Phanom. To the east it borders the Mekong River, across which lies Savannakhet Province of Laos.
Thursday, September 1, 2011
Acquiring total area of 125 rais (50 acres) in Tambon Hua Khwang, by Chi River, the park was established on October 1, 1976. The shady park is home to different big trees such as Yang, Tabaek (Lagerstroemia floribunda Jack) and Kathum (Anthocephalus chinensis (Lamk.) A. Rich.ex Walp.) whose canopies connect to each other. With natural pond and scenery, this park is home to different kinds of bird, big herd of crab-eating macaque, as well as rare golden crab-eating macaque.
Attractions in the park include
Kaeng Tat (แก่งตาด) Rapids in Chi River is situated at north and east of the park. Base rock acquires wide area in the river. When the river descends between November and May, shallow water allows rapids to appear. It has beautiful setting around the area.
Lan Khoi (ลานข่อย) The terrain is occupied by toothbrush trees. Today, over 200 of them are bended into different shapes.
Crab-eating macaque (ลิงแสม) The animals make this park their home. There are two kinds of crab-eating macaques in the park, the grey and golden macaque.
How to get there From Maha Sarakham City, take highway 208 for 28 kilometres. At Kosum Phisai Intersection, get into asphalt road and keep going for 450 metres.